ESA (European Space Agency) has developed a curious plan, more like a science fiction. It is believed that in the coming years, the ISS can be sent for a well-deserved rest. A new international project in the space sphere will be the lunar settlement. Water will be extracted from the ice on the moon, tools and houses will be printed on 3D printers, and plants grown in local soil. Bernard Foing, a representative of the European Space Agency, said at the European Planet Congress in Riga that the first colonists could be on The moon for a decade and a half. This will be up to ten specialists, and after a quarter of a century the number of settlers will exceed a hundred. By the 50th year of this century, there will be a thousand lunar inhabitants. Then, perhaps, the first families with children born on the moon will appear on the satellite. At the moment, delivery to the “Moon Village” relatives would cost at least hundreds of millions of euros per person. But for a couple of decades this figure will decrease significantly. On the moon there is the possibility of extracting basalt and using the extracted materials for three-dimensional printing of spacecraft. Launching them from the lunar surface is forty times cheaper than from the earth. It is quite possible to get water at the poles of a satellite from ice. If you split it into oxygen with hydrogen, it is possible to produce raw materials for rocket fuel. Scientists have noted the presence of the helium-3 isotope. It can be the basis for safe, clean nuclear energy. As Christiane Heinike, a physicist, claims, moon life will be difficult. She understands what is at stake: together with other scientists, she lived for a year in an eleven-meter dome, trying to imitate Martian life. Once in a residential module or in a spacesuit outside, a person does not fully feel the situation of the planet. He cannot leave his colleagues anywhere. And the green grass outside the window will be replaced by rough stones, so unlike the sky we are used to. Scientists complain that at this stage, politicians do not show serious interest in their idea of a “Lunar Village”. Although the project was warmly supported by commercial firms and representatives of the scientific world. SpaceX will launch tourist trips to the moon next year. The Dragon 2 ship only, rounding the satellite, will return tourists home. But in the plans of NASA and RosKosmos there is the construction of a new space station in the lunar orbit.