Japanese scientists have discovered a new type of bacterium called Ideonella sakaiensis 201-F6, which is able to process polyethylene terephthalate, which is one of the most popular materials for creating plastic items, such as bottles for liquids and clothes. Approximately 1/6 of all plastics in the world are made from PET and the production speed is not reduced. Such an impressive volume is detrimental to the environment. It is believed that one plastic bottle will dissolve in natural conditions only after 450 years, a little faster the process takes place in water, but this leads to its chemical pollution. The detected bacterium literally feeds on PET, and the material decomposes into environmentally friendly terephthalic acid and ethylene glycol. The downside of this processing process is the time it takes for the microorganism to \So, during the experiment, the bacteria took six weeks to decompose a small fragment of a thin PET film. Scientists hope to accelerate Ideonella sakaiensis 201-F6 through genetic engineering. Note that earlier similar properties were revealed in some types of mushrooms, however, they still have not been able to adapt them for plastic processing on an industrial scale.