The Ministry of Communications recommends granting permission to access public Wi-Fi networks only after registering a user on the public services portal. The Ministry sent such a recommendation to state and city networks that fall under its direct control. Departmental officials from the Ministry of Communications and Mass Media of the Russian Federation explain this innovation by the need to develop and popularize the Unified Identification and Authorization System (ESIA). The system stores all the basic data about the Russians: their passport data, traffic fines information, medical electronic card data. It is envisaged that in 2018, the provision of services in electronic form will be available to 70% of Russian citizens. One of the stages of promoting ESIA is to use it as a means of free access to the Internet. Now the law provides operators with the opportunity to carry out identification using a mobile phone number, an identity document or through ESIA. The most popular option is with a mobile number. The user receives an SMS with a password, by entering which in a special window, he can access the Internet. Currently, an identity verification system through ESIA is installed in the Moscow metro and in a public network in the Rostov Region. The next facility covered by ESIA will be the metro of St. Petersburg. That is, while we are talking only about state and municipal networks. For commercial enterprises, it is still much easier to identify users solely by phone number, since everyone has cell phones, and not every citizen of the Russian Federation has an ESIA registration. According to statistics from the Ministry of Communications, currently 55.5 million Russians are registered in the system.